Low risk dating strategy
Chronic infection is the period of living with HIV that can last for many years, often without any obvious symptoms.
There is some debate regarding the most important stage of HIV infection for onward transmission.
In other words, on average, one transmission would be expected to occur for every 6250 instances (0.016%) of protected vaginal sex with a chronically infected HIV-positive man who is not on treatment.
The female condom is a polyurethane pouch that is inserted into the vagina.
Although condoms are not always 100% effective in preventing HIV exposure, an extensive body of research has confirmed that male condoms provide a high level of protection when used consistently and correctly.In addition to which type of sexual intercourse occurs and which roles both partners take, there are a number of other important factors to consider when assessing the risk of HIV exposure or transmission.Four major factors – condom use, viral load, the presence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and the male partner’s circumcision status – are discussed below.Real-life epidemiological studies show that using condoms all of the time, though not necessarily perfectly (i.e., with usual rates of breakage and slippage), reduces the risk of HIV transmission by around 80% compared to not using condoms.To put this into perspective, if the risk of acquiring HIV for a woman in a high-income country who has unprotected vaginal sex with a chronically infected HIV-positive man who is not on treatment is estimated to be 1 in 1250 (0.08%), this risk is further reduced by 80% with condom use.